Fonds glen-2452 - R.N. Wilson fonds

Men on Blood reserve putt... Haymaking on Peigan reser... Hauling hay on Peigan res... Peigan men stacking hay f... Hay stacks on Peigan rese... Pegian with hay on racks,... Visitors on Peigan reserv... Log building, Peigan rese... Interior of log builiding... Livery stable, southern A...

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R.N. Wilson fonds

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of records.

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GLEN glen-2452

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

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Date(s)

  • 1890-1897 (Creation)
    Creator
    Wilson, R.N.

Physical description area

Physical description

9 cm of textual records. -- 132 photographs

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Name of creator

Wilson, R.N.

Biographical history

Robert Nathaniel Wilson, 1863-1944, was born in Ontario. He joined the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) and served in Fort Macleod, Alberta and Fort Pitt and Battleford, Saskatchewan, 1881-1884. He then ran a trading post on the Belly River near Stand Off, Alberta. In 1888 he married Lila Hillier, 1868-1939, who was originally from England. He was the Indian agent at the Peigan Indian Agency, 1898-1903, and on the Blood reserve, 1904-1911. During these years he recorded ethnological information about the Blood, Blackfoot (Siksika) and Peigan. He also purchased native artifacts on behalf of the Field Museum of Chicago and other American museums, ca. 1893-1905. He wrote several scientific articles for the Royal Society of Canada. In 1911 he returned to his trading post at Stand Off.

Custodial history

Most of R. N. Wilson's papers were destroyed shortly after his death by the executor of his estate. A few papers were saved by a Fort Macleod resident and were given to Glenbow. Mounted Police historian J. P. Turner had some of Wilson's papers in Ottawa and he deposited Wilson's diary at the National Archives.

Scope and content

The fonds consists of articles and ethnological notes on Blackfoot legends and customs (1897); two bound volumes of R.N. Wilson's ethnological writings on the Blackfoot and Blood (1890-1897), transcribed and edited by Philip H. Godsell on behalf of the Glenbow in 1958, including information about customs, Red Crow, sun dance, moon dance, Horn Society, Running Wolf, Scalp Roller, sacrificial ceremony, and a Blood winter count; and photographs of the Blood and Peigan reserves, Blood personalities and ceremonies, tipis, Writing-On-Stone and NWMP.

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Immediate source of acquisition

Gift of Philip Godsell, Paull Sharron, Charles Middleton, Barney Reeves, Donough O'Brien and purchased, 1958-1985.

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Availability of other formats

Also available on microfilm.

Restrictions on access

No restrictions on access.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

No finding aid, but the two volumes of ethnological writings have been digitized.

Associated / related material

Wilson's diary (1881-1888) is held by Library and Archives Canada; other Wilson records are in the Provincial Archives of Alberta.

Accruals

Other notes

  • General note: Record No. M-4421;M-4422;PA-706;NA-668;NA-2075;NA-4461;ND-34;Microfilm Wilson

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