Fonds glen-1902 - Lorne Proudfoot fonds

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Lorne Proudfoot fonds

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of records.

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GLEN glen-1902

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  • 1910-2008 (Creation)
    Proudfoot, Lorne

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Physical description

5.4 m of textual records. -- 43 photographs. -- 6 posters. -- 20 maps

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Name of creator

Proudfoot, Lorne

Biographical history

Lorne Proudfoot, 1880-1977, was born on a farm near Vankleek Hill, Ontario. He came west on a harvest excursion in 1903, and attended Normal School in Regina. He subsequently came to Alberta and taught in rural schools near Carstairs and Didsbury before homesteading at Chinook in 1909. He married Hilda Mary Roberts, 1899-1972, of Chinook in 1917 and they had five children, Kathleen Frances (Bingeman), James Albert, Eileen Margarite (Burkinshaw), Robert George, and William Arthur. He was a lifelong advocate of the principles of cooperation as a means to community building, and was very active in community and political affairs. He was secretary-treasurer of the Independent Political Association, Constituency of Acadia, a group aligned with the Non-Partisan League, and in the 1917 provincial election he ran unsuccessfully as its candidate. He was elected to the Legislature as the United Farmers of Alberta (UFA) member for Acadia in 1921, and sat in the House until 1935. He served as the secretary of the Independent Electors of the Acadia-Coronation Constituency in 1940 and 1944 when they backed G. N. Johnston as an independent candidate; and he was secretary of the Handhills-Acadia Independent Political Association which backed independent candidate Lyall Curry in 1963. He served as Secretary-Treasurer of several local governments: Peyton School District No. 2855 (ca. 1913); Municipal District of Collholme (1914-1921); Chinook Consolidated School District No. 16 (1916-1961); and the Village of Chinook (1943-1968). He was a representative on the Special Areas Board Advisory Committee (1939-1954) and a member of the Board of the Acadia School Division No. 8 (1951). He was active in farmers' organizations and co-operatives, and was manager of the Goose Lake Livestock Co-op (1941-1955). Though Proudfoot came close to bankruptcy in 1932, his farming activity became successful. Specializing in raising sheep, the farm grew to 18,000 acres by the time he sold it to his son in 1962. It was still being farmed by his descendants after 100 years.

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Chinook Credit Union

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Chinook Mutual Telephone Company

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Goose Lake Livestock Cooperative

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Peyton School Disctict No. 2855

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Popular School District No. 2631

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United Farmers of Alberta

Biographical history

The United Farmers of Alberta (UFA) was formed on January 14, 1909. It ceased to exist on January 14, 1949 when it amalgamated with the Alberta Farmers' Union; the new organization was known as the Farmers' Union of Alberta. The proposed constitution presented by the Alberta Farmers' Association and the Canadian Society of Equity regarding their possible union recommended a non-political organization, which would not endorse the policy of any political party nor the candidature of any politician. The primary objective of this new organization would be to forward the interests of the producers of grain and livestock and to obtain profitable prices for all of the products of farm and orchard. The UFA was officially formed on January 14, 1909, with objectives of fostering and encouraging through cooperative effort the improvement of the moral, intellectual and financial status of the farmer, enriching and improving rural life by receiving more of the necessities, comforts and conveniences of modern times, advocating for proper recognition for agriculture as is justified by its importance in provincial and federal affairs, as well as influencing and promoting legislation and any legitimate action necessary in fulfilling their objectives. The UFA was later incorporated under a private bill, <em>An Act to incorporate the United Farmers of Alberta</em> (S.A. 1918, chapter 56). By this act, the main objective of the UFA was outlined: to cooperate in promoting, fostering and advancing the moral, material, financial and business interests of farmers and ranchers in Alberta. Causes, such as women's suffrage and prohibition, found much support among UFA members. In 1916, William Irvine and Harry Johnson established the Non-Partisan League, the self-proclaimed political arm of the UFA. Following the success of the UFA with regard to women's suffrage and prohibition, many farmers thought the UFA should abandon their non-political stance and enter politics. In 1919, a resolution was approved at the Annual Convention permitting the locals to use the organization for the purpose of nominating and electing UFA candidates in that constituency. There was some hesitation on UFA's entry into politics, especially from Henry Wise Wood, the UFA's president at the time. Nevertheless, in November 1919, the UFA ran its first candidate, Alex Moore, who won the provincial by-election in Cochrane, Alberta. On June 27, 1921, Robert Gardiner won in the Medicine Hat federal by-election. In the 1921 provincial election, forty-four of the sixty Alberta constituencies nominated UFA candidates; of these, thirty-eight candidates were elected. The UFA had hoped for farmer representation in the legislature; they ended up forming the government. Henry Wise Wood was first choice as premier, but refused, preferring to remain as UFA president. John E. Brownlee, UFA solicitor, was also offered the post and refused, feeling a farmer should be premier. As a result, Herbert Greenfield became Alberta's first UFA premier. He resigned from office on November 23, 1925 and was succeeded by John E. Brownlee. Brownlee led the government for almost nine years, resigning amid scandal on July 10, 1934. He was replaced by Richard G. Reid, the last UFA premier. The UFA government faced difficult challenges, supporting UFA ideas and policies, while not neglecting the non-farmers of the province. It was a time of economic hardship as well, with the last part of their leadership falling during the Depression. By the early 1930s, a gulf between the movement and the government had widened, resulting in UFA delegates at the 1932 provincial convention voting to accept the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) as its political arm, which had fundamental social reconstruction as one of its main objectives. In the provincial election on August 22, 1935, the UFA lost every legislative seat it had held, many previous supporters preferring to back the new Social Credit party. Also that year, none of the UFA federal members were reelected. In January 1939, UFA delegates voted to cease all political activity. Through the political activities and after political defeat, the UFA remained an organization to defend and promote the interests of farm people. The UFA, however, had been losing support throughout the 1930s. The Social Credit party, under the leadership of William Aberhart, had usurped much of the political support their organization had held. Some farmers were also drawn to other farm organizations, such as the more militant Alberta Farmers' Union. At a joint convention held in December 1948, delegates from the UFA and the Alberta Farmers' Union met, and set up a constitution and by-laws for a new organization of farmers to be known as the Farmers' Union of Alberta. At the 40th Annual UFA Convention, UFA delegates passed a resolution on January 14, 1949 to wind up the affairs of the UFA and turn over their assets to this new organization. The United Farmers of Alberta was created on January 14, 1909 when Alberta Farmers' Association and the Canadian Society of Equity amalgamated. These two groups had attempted to amalgamate in 1906, and then again in 1908; this 1908 attempt resulted in the formation of the United Farmers of Alberta in 1909. The United Farmers of Alberta amalgamated on January 14, 1949 with the Alberta Farmers' Union. The new organization that resulted was the Farmers' Union of Alberta. This organization was reorganized as Unifarm in 1970, and then the Wild Rose Agricultural Producers in 1996. Two organizations worked in parallel to the UFA: the United Farm Women of Alberta, and the Junior United Farmers of Alberta. They each had a certain degree of autonomy, and had their own executives who were represented on the UFA provincial board. Much of the activity and power of the United Farmers of Alberta resided with the Locals. The UFA locals were responsible for most of the work of the UFA. The UFA held Annual Conventions, which were attended by delegates from the various locals. There were 122 locals active in the first year of the UFA. The locals were responsible for formulating UFA policy, as they brought resolutions to UFA conventions, though beginning about 1918, resolutions went to the constituency convention first. The locals also sought out, educated and signed up new members. Locals had a wider scope of activities including establishing cooperative enterprises, building UFA halls, promoting better education and better living in their communities. In 1931, the UFA had just over 1,200 locals. This had fallen to about 300 by 1939. When established, the UFA provincial executive consisted of the president, four vice-presidents and the provincial secretary, all of whom were elected by convention delegates. About 1918, the number of vice-presidents was reduced to one. When the UFA dissolved, the Executive consisted of a president, a vice-president, the president of the women's section and three directors elected from the board following the annual convention. The UFA was managed by the Central Board, which included the exclusive along with the regional directors. Presidents of the United Farmers of Alberta: James Bower, 1909-1912; W. J. Tregillus, 1912-1914; D.W. Warner (acting) 1914-1915; James Speakman, 1915; Henry Wise Wood, 1916-1931; Robert Gardiner, 1931-1945; George Church, 1945-1949

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United Grain Growers. Cereal Local

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Scope and content

The fonds consists of Lorne Proudfoot's personal papers; business records of his farm; and records of the governments, co-operative businesses, and organizations he was involved with. Includes corporate records of Buffalo Plains School District No. 2316 (1910-1916), the Village of Chinook (1913-1968), Chinook Consolidated School District No. 16 (1916-1961), Chinook Consolidated Snow Plow Club (1953-1970), Chinook Credit Union (1944-1945), Chinook Mutual Telephone Company (1935-1970), Chinook U.F.A. Co-op Local (1950-1963), Goose Lake Livestock Co-operative Ltd. (1941-1955), Handhills-Acadia Independent Political Association (1962-1970), Independent Electors of the Acadia-Coronation Constituency (1940-1944), Independent Political Association, Constituency of Acadia (1916-1917), Peyton School District No. 2855 (1913), Popular School District No. 2631 (1911-1916), Special Areas Lease Rental and Economic Committee (1960-1963), and Cereal Local of United Grain Growers Ltd. (formerly Cereal Local No. 53 of the Alberta Farmers' Co-operative Elevator Company Ltd., 1914-1947). Includes notes from caucus meetings (1934-1935) and records of the Members' Trust Fund (1928-1935) from Proudfoot's period as an MLA in the UFA government. Includes personal and estate papers of Martin S. Carscallen, John E. Cooley, George A. McDonald, Malcolm A. McTavish, and Theodor Middleton, for whom Proudfoot acted as executor, administrator, or trustee. Includes records of Proudfoot's own estate following his death. Includes most of the list of electors for Hand Hills-Acadia constituency (1963). RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS: Acadia Hotel (Chinook, Alta.), Acadia U.F.A. Co-operative Association, George and Ingeburg Aitken, Alberta Department of Agriculture, Alberta Department of Municipal Affairs, Alberta Government Telephones, Alberta Hail Insurance Board, Alberta Livestock Co-operative, Alberta Sheep Breeders' Association, Alberta Wheat Pool, Big Country Health Unit, Muriel and Bertin Bjorsbik, John Brownlee, Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers, Canadian National Railways, Canadian Utilities Ltd., Cereal Agricultural and Industrial Association, Cereal Hospital, John C. Charyk, Harry Chiliak, Chinook Cemetery, Chinook Restaurant, Cooley Bros. Garage, Co-terminous Boundary Commission (Alta. : 1953-1956), Lyall Curry, Eastern Alberta Wool Growers Association, Esler Hospital Society, Edgar Gerhart, Gospel Chapel of Youngstown, E. L. Gray, Hanna Municipal Hospital, Imperial Building Supplies Ltd., George Johnston, Russell Johnston, Laughlin School, London, Liverpool & Globe Insurance Co., O. S. Longman, J. F. Lymburn, Mah brothers' restaurant, Ernest Manning, J. V. H. Milvain, Royal Commission on Education (Alta. : 1958), Service Garage, Lee Sims, Southern Alberta Sheep Breeders, J. K. Sutherland Memorial Scholarship, Union of Alberta Municipalities, Western Stock Growers' Association, Youngstown-Cereal Rural Electrification Association.

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Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Gift of Lorne Proudfoot, 1959-1964 and Robert Proudfoot, 2008.


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  • The material is in English.

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No restrictions on access.

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Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

Associated materials

Tax rolls of the Village of Chinook are held by the Provincial Archives of Alberta in the John C. Charyk fonds. Interviews with Lorne Proudfoot are in the Drybelt Pioneers Oral History Project (M-4074-6), and United Farmers of Alberta Oral History Project (RCT-22 and M-9288-3), at Glenbow.

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Record No. M-1011;M-2001;M-2018;M-4311;M-4616;M-4698;M-9288;PA-180;PB-958;NA-562<br><br>

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