Item iw-glen-86 - Augustus Jukes' diary (transcription)

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Augustus Jukes' diary (transcription)

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GLEN glen-1344-iw-glen-86

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  • August 1882-February 1883 (Creation)
    Jukes, Augustus

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1 volumes (51 p.)

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Jukes, Augustus

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Augustus Louis Jukes, 1821-1905, was born in India, the son of Andrew and Georgina Jukes. He received his medical degree in Toronto in 1847 and practiced as a physician in St. Catharines, Ontario for over 30 years. He married Phoebe Adams in 1848 and they had seven children, William, Hamilton, Elias, Susan, Andrew, Caroline and Katherine. In 1880 he was appointed Senior Surgeon to the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP). He was originally stationed at Fort Walsh, Saskatchewan and later in Regina. Louis Riel came under his medical care in 1885, and Dr. Jukes was a member of the commission declaring Riel to be sane. He retired from the NWMP in 1893. For further information see R.B. Deane's article, "Augustus Jukes : A Pioneer Surgeon", in Calgary Associate Clinic Historical Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 4 (February 1938), p.1-4. His son, Hamilton Augustus Jukes, was commissioned by the Winnipeg and Hudson Bay Railway and Steamship Company to complete a hydrographical survey of the Nelson River in northern Manitoba during 1882-1883. His youngest daughter, Katherine Jane Jukes, 1864-1941, married George Buchanan Moffatt, 1854-1950, in 1884. Moffatt, born in Ontario, joined the NWMP in 1878. He became an inspector in 1883 and superintendent in 1890. He was retired to pension in 1902 due to poor health.

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  • The material is in English.

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  • General note: Consists of transcripts of the diary of Augustus Jukes, Senior Surgeon to the North-West Mounted Police, in which he describes medical work, his dissatisfaction with his position with the Mounted Police, cold weather, snow storms, and transportation in the Canadian West. He also describes the discovery of bones of an enormous animal [dinosaur], and how John McMillan and Richard Holt froze to death.

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