Item iw-glen-436 - Peigan Indian Agency winter count

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Peigan Indian Agency winter count

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GLEN glen-1837-iw-glen-436

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  • 1904 (Creation)
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    Peigan Indian Agency

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1 volume (49 p.)

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Peigan Indian Agency

Biographical history

The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. The Peigan Indian Agency, situated southwest of Fort Macleod, Alberta at Brocket in the Treaty 7 region, consisted solely of the Peigan reserve. Indian agents have included Norman Thomas Macleod (1880-1881), C.E. Denny (1882-1883), W. Pocklington (1884), A.R. Springett (1888-1892), H.H. Nash (1893-1897), R.N. Wilson (1898-1903), J.H. Gooderham (1904-1907), E.H. Yeomans (1908-1912), J.A. Markle (1913), H.A. Gunn (1914-1918), Thomas Graham (1919-1922), Chester A. Arthur (1923-1929), H.C. Lancaster (1931-1938), T.W.V. Webb (1941-1942), J.T. Faunt (1943-1944), and A. McMillan (1945-1948).

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  • The material is in pictographs.

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  • General note: Consists of a small notebook from the Peigan Indian Agency, featuring pictographs on each page. The volume is probably a winter count, or a First Nations calendar recording significant annual events for the tribe. Pages 47-49 are a compilation of all the symbols in the notebook. Page 33 may represent the hanging of Charcoal (March 16,1897). The pictograph on page 28 at the right is a white man (wearing a hat). Double symbols such as those on pages 9 and 22 represent a sun dance, and the name of the person who sponsored it.

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modified: 2005-03-18

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